Under Three Hundred

The random witterings of Jonathan Morris, writer.

Wednesday, 6 July 2016

Keep The Faith

I wrote this for Progress but they're already going to run an article making the same points, so it's here instead.


It would be fair to say it didn’t come as any great surprise after the referendum when Jeremy Corbyn unilaterally announced on behalf of the Labour Party that we accepted the result and that the UK should now leave the EU as soon as possible. That’s his strongly-held, highly-principled opinion and he is welcome to it.

However, it is a little worrying to read other MPs stating, albeit in equivocal terms, that Labour should accept the will of the nation and, rather than trying to find some way out of this insanity, should lead the way in what some people call Brexit but which I like to call ‘Uk off’.

It’s understandable. Many of them are in constituencies where there was a majority in favour of Leave, and of course MPs should reflect the will of their constituents. However, there are also dozens if not hundreds of irrefutable reasons why Labour should not endorse the result of the referendum as being a legitimate and definitive expression of the majority, and should instead continue to be in favour of Remain. Don’t worry, I’m not going to repeat them here. You know them all already and I expect MPs’ inboxes are full of them.

My message to these nervous nellies is – you may think it will be a good idea to switch to Leave in order to win back Leave voters, but it won’t work. The numbers don'tt add up.

I’ll explain. To begin with, a few assumptions. If there is a general election in the near future, one of the main issues will be our EU membership. In that election the Conservatives will be in favour of Leave and the LibDems will be in favour of Remain.

So. Let’s say you’re a Labour MP where you’re defending your majority against the LibDems. You go into the election saying you’re now in favour of Leave. Unfortunately two-thirds of Labour voters are in favour of Remain, so you’re going to lose most of them to the LibDems. In fact, being a sitting Labour MP who campaigned effectively for Remain, it’s quite likely far more of your voters voted for Remain than the national average. You’re not only waving them goodbye, you are giving them to your main rival. The LibDems will also have all the Conservative Remain voters.

However, you still have the one third of your voters who voted Leave. Now all you have to do to win is to get all the remaining Leave voters in your constituency to vote for you. They are in the majority, so there are a lot of them... but you have to ask, why are they going to vote Labour when they could vote for the Conservatives or UKIP? The analogy I would draw is this. What you are doing is trying to convince people who drink Coca-Cola or Pepsi to switch to supermarket own-brand cola. You, an MP who is not in favour of Leave, in a party that up until recently was not in favour of Leave, in a country which is increasingly coming to the realisation that Leave is a really bad idea, will have to win over enough Leave voters in order to make up for two thirds of your vote going to the LibDems.

The same applies if you are a Labour MP defending a majority against UKIP or the Conservatives. You are now in a seat where the two main parties are both in favour of Leave. Who are Leave voters going to vote for? Coca-Cola, Pepsi, or supermarket own-brand cola? And on top of that, don’t forget that you’ve lost two thirds of your vote to smaller Remain parties like the LibDems and the Greens. Can you make up the difference by persuading enough Leave voters to switch to you from the two Leave parties?

The same applies if you are a Labour MP defending a majority against both LibDems and Conservatives, or Plaid Cymru, or trying to win a seat held by any of the other parties. You just can’t get around the problem that two thirds of Labour voters are in favour of Remain, and hoping that somehow the Leave vote will split in your favour rather than towards the main Leave parties isn’t going to work.

Of course, if you and the Labour party are in favour of Remain, you still have a problem. You have the problem that one third of your vote is in favour of Leave, and they are now going to vote for the Conservatives or UKIP. But on the other hand, you are now in a position to gain votes from Conservatives who are in favour of Remain – which is about forty percent of them. There are a lot of Conservatives in favour of Remain. In Labour/Conservative seats, you want them to go to Labour, and in Labour/LibDem seats, those disaffected Conservative voters are going to be split between Labour and LibDems, so you want to make sure Labour is even more emphatically pro-Remain than the LibDems.

The point is, if Labour switches to Leave, it isn’t going to lead to electoral success. It could well lead to disaster. It isn’t a quick fix to Labour’s problems. And who wants to be campaigning on the same side as Nigel Farage?

The solution is, of course, that Labour has to be cleverer than that. Labour should absolutely accept the legitimacy of people’s reasons for voting for leave. It should go into the next election with huge posters saying WE GET IT, WE HEAR YOU, MESSAGE RECEIVED AND UNDERSTOOD. There are towns and cities where the population have been basically left to rot, where they blame immigration for their social and economic problems. Labour should say to those people LEAVING THE EU WON’T SOLVE YOUR PROBLEMS. WE WILL. That’s the way forward. Labour has to go after those towns and cities and put them at the front of the queue for new schools, new hospitals and investment in jobs.

But the only way to do that is for Labour to remain Remain.

Learn the lesson from the SNP. They became the sole party for independence while the union vote was split between three parties. They turned a fairly narrow defeat in the referendum of 44.7% into a landslide victory with 50% of the vote. If Labour is emphatically, unequivocally the party of the 48% Remain it can repeat the SNP's success. Our FPTP electoral system is a series of tipping points - you don't need more than half the votes to win, you just need more votes than the party that comes second. (So ignore that statistically meaningless Buzzfeed article, it is the work of an idiot who has no understanding of electoral maths). There are no seats where Labour's electoral chances would be improved by switching policy to Leave.

But if they do, well, that's it. I'm out.

Wednesday, 29 June 2016

Never Can Say Goodbye

A couple of months ago I wrote a little article for Progress, about applying the one thing I know about, narrative structure, to the predicament of the Labour Party. You can read it here. 

As is always the case when I write something, I wrote far too much, so a chunk of my article had to be cut out. Which is cool, but also a pity, as that bit has turned out to be a little prophetic. It's also relevant to the current situation in the Labour Party, and explains why Jeremy Corbyn's miserably pathetic and divisive attempt to cling onto power is actually a very good thing!

Anyway, with no more preamble, here's the bit that was cut:

On the other hand, though, a narrative is still being created. Because if you read Story by Robert McKee, or The Hero with a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell, or any other storytelling manual, there is a classical structure being laid down. In the first act, as our inciting incident, our hero is torn out of their secure, ordinary life. Then things go from bad to worse, they are stuck up a tree being pelted with rocks, until suddenly, just when it looks like things can’t get any worse for our hero, just when it looks like the forces of darkness have won, there is a dramatic turnaround and our hero plucks a stunning victory from the jaws of defeat.

Labour, I would contend, is stuck up a tree being pelted with rocks. But it can all change. Indeed, if you wanted to create a narrative about an opposition party returning dramatically to power, then you would plot it as follows: It chooses a disastrously bad leader, it goes from bad to worse, it looks like all hope is lost, it’s about to lose the election and be wiped from existence, when – at the last possible moment – an exciting new leader swoops in to save the day and Labour wins the election. You would want to establish the party as the underdog, you would want it to look like it was facing certain and total defeat, just to set up the dramatic turnaround. It could be the most perfectly-constructed narrative arc for an opposition party – and the more well-structured a story, the more effective it is at drawing people’s attention and altering their views.

A good story is powerful, and the above narrative is not implausible. The pace of politics and the media have changed; it's flash floods rather than plate tectonics. We’ve seen in Europe and North America that charismatic candidates can capture the public’s imagination. People are looking for heroes; figures who offer a fresh approach, who don’t play by the rules, who are outsiders. Figures they can identify with, who speak their minds, who are fallible and flawed but also resilient and principled. If Labour had somebody like that, even only a few months before an election, all bets would be off.

But the thing with narrative is, the change has to be dramatic. You have to make people sit up and notice! A gradual evolution, careful not to rock the boat, is no story at all. You want as much conflict as possible! You want all the hard-left fellow-travellers to be storming out on television in order to re-establish the Labour Party as a mainstream, centre-ground party, like Derek Hatton at the 1985 Labour Party Conference. The louder they shout, the better, as long as they’re heading for the door! The reason why Tony Blair achieved such a huge victory in 1997 was because Labour had an exciting, all-new, easy-to-follow story to tell.

Some would say Jeremy Corbyn could be that ‘hero’ figure. He’s certainly pissed quite a few people off, which is a good start. Could the narrative be about a guy in his late sixties taking on the political establishment? No, I'm sorry, it won’t work. It’s just not a sufficiently dramatic story. The plot has barely moved forward since he became leader, it hasn’t got legs for another four years. What’s he going to do that’s going to defy expectations and cause Conservative voters in their millions to switch to Labour? He’s not going to do anything. He is not, with no due respect, a very exciting person.

No, to be a hero you need to be dynamic and proactive. Great stories are not told about heroes sitting around waiting for the bad guys to cock up, but that seems to be Labour’s current strategy. It won’t work, of course – I’m sure the Conservatives will cock up in all sorts of profoundly calamitous and highly amusing ways, they always do, but Labour can’t rely on their unpopularity making people switch to Labour; they’ll just turn to parties who offer a more engaging story, who offer simple answers, who offer another variety of easy-to-swallow ‘truthiness’ like UKIP and the SNP.

Tuesday, 7 June 2016


Well, it’s been a while since I’ve updated my blog. Life and work keep on getting in the way. I’ve been busy writing, always something on the go, lots of exciting projects in the pipeline and a long list of ideas for things to add to the pipeline. Plus I stood as a city councillor in the local elections. I’m rather relieved not to have won, to be honest, because if I had then something else would’ve had to go. Only so many things you can do, and right now my work/life balance is pretty much where I want it. But it was good exercise, it got me out into the fresh air, and I now have no fear of knocking on strangers’ doors and public speaking. It’s simple, you can just make stuff up, nobody’s going to check.

The other reason while I’ve been lax with this blog is that much of the nonsense that would’ve ended up here now ends up on twitter. A far more efficient way of getting things out of my system.

The big thing I have to plug right now is the 500th edition of Doctor Who Magazine. It comes in a special hardback envelope, containing two magazines, a poster, stickers and an art card. I’ve been reading the magazine since I was seven, and it has been a regular fixture of my life pretty much ever since. I’ve had so much delight from reading the magazine and so much fun in contributing to it over the years, I’ve learned so much, and it’s led to friendships with so many extraordinary, talented and lovely people. So it was a huge honour to be involved with the celebratory issue. Who would’ve thought when my mum found me a copy of issue 55 that 35 years later the magazine would still be going, and I’d be writing for it? Who would have thought that at the celebratory party on Saturday I would be eating a slice of Doctor Who cake with the cover of issue 55? It felt strangely significant.

So what are my bits in the magazine? Well, two features. The first is called The TARDIS Log, named after a memorably bewildering feature the magazine ran in the early 80s. It’s my personal guide to the history of the magazine from the point of view of a reader; there have been other articles in the past giving the magazine’s behind-the-scenes history, but I wanted to celebrate the magazine’s content, all the weird and wonderful articles, interviews, columns, letters, photographs and advertisements it has included over the years.

In researching the article, I spent a month or so earlier this year working through every single issue of DWM. Not reading every feature of each issue from cover to cover – that would take years and take a terrible toll on my sanity – but spending an hour each morning leafing through ten issues, looking out for things that were unusual, new, or which jogged a memory. And then to boil that down to a 10,000-word article and a list of highlights. It was a formidable but highly enjoyable task, taking an extended stroll down nostalgia avenue. I could easily have written far more; there were so many highlights, so many memorable moments, that when I started writing the article I found that I had written 7,000 words and only got as far as issue 200. So I had to be extremely strict and leave out loads of interesting stuff. Maybe I’ll post that first draft on this blog. Let me know if you want to read it. The shorter version in the magazine is vastly better, though!

So, yes, that’s my first article. People seem to have enjoyed it. I am a little critical in places but I hope it’s fair. And secondly, my other feature is a The Fact of Fiction on the 2013 story The Day of the Doctor. This was a tough one to do, mainly because, again, I found I had far too many things to say! It got so long that what was intended as a box-out on The Night of the Doctor was put in issue 499. But it is probably the Doctor Who story with the most ‘continuity references’, the most little details to point out, and it also has an interesting development, as Steven Moffat began writing it with the ninth, tenth and eleventh Doctors, getting about two-thirds of the way through before reworking it from the beginning with the ‘War Doctor’ alongside the tenth and eleventh Doctors. A lot of the information about the later, ‘War Doctor’ drafts had previously appeared in DWM’s The Year of the Doctor special, but I was determined to make sure I wasn’t just repeating facts, that there was plenty of new stuff. So there is information in The Fact of Fiction about the early drafts with the ninth Doctor that has never been revealed before, as well lots of additional material about deleted scenes.

Plus, one of the little challenges I set myself was to identify all the stuff in the UNIT Black Archive, and I think I managed it – with help from Matthew Ross, Tom Newsom and Saul Jefferies, who were supposed to be thanked in the magazine but left off so I’ll thank them here. I’m also annoyed with myself for getting the UNIT acronym wrong! Sometimes when you’re deep in the fact-zone, trying to keep track of half a dozen different drafts of the same script, you can’t see the wood for the trees.

That’s my excuse. And talking about it reminds me I really should write a blog about my The Fact of Fiction article in issue 499 on Warrriors’ Gate, as that was also quite an undertaking. People ask me how long these things take to write but they only take about a week; when I’m in the fact-zone, I lose all track of time and space, lost in the world of research.

But that’s not quite all of my bits. I was surprised and delighted to see one of my comic strip bits picked out as one of twenty highlights in the Let’s Do The Time Vworp Again feature. I regard my era on the comic strip as being forgotten, so it was a huge thrill for me to see Chiyoko in Scott Gray’s fantastic strip The Stockbridge Showdown – in particular, to see her drawn by John Ridgway, the artist responsible for the legendary Voyager storyline that had blown my mind back when I was thirteen. I also hooted with laughter to see the Anne Robinson Sontaran included in the stickers; this image had been used for the cover of an issue including my first-ever major article for the magazine, a decidedly desperate effort about how Doctor Who was like a game show. For my article to be commemorated with a sticker alongside Clive Swift and a red-eyed Fish Person was an enormous honour.

And finally; the second magazine in the special hardback envelope is a pictorial history of DWM, and if you turn to page 110 some of the images of Summer and Winter specials are scans of my own copies of those magazines, kept stored in plastic envelopes for just such an eventuality. This may seem like a trivial thing – it is, I know it is – but those magazines are the ones that I pored over as a ten-year-old, and now there they are, part of the pictorial history of DWM.

So, anyway, I’ve gone on long enough. Rush out and buy DWM issue 500, it’s the best issue ever. And for me, and for everybody involved, a labour of love.